The tv documentary series Aankhijhyal, which has done much to make Nepalis aware of environmental issues, airs its 1000th episode
It was 1994, Nepal had a new democratic constitution, the media had just been freed and there was hope that the country would take a great leap forward in development. The newly-formed Nepal Forum of Environmental Journalists (NEFEJ) aired its first episode of Aankhijhyal on Nepal TV on Kathmandu’s haphazard garbage collection and waste management system.
The show immediately created waves. By breaking through the clutter of political news and light entertainment shows, Aakhijhyal looked beyond social and environmental problems to the governance and political issues that lay at the core.
Over the next 23 years, in episode after episode, the video magazine showcased community forestry, sand mining on river beds, Kathmandu’s garbage problem, the proliferation of plastic, and wildlife conservation. It spotlighted government negligence, but also found solutions.
A lot has happened in Nepal in that time: there have been nearly 23 governments in 23 years, the country went from monarchy to republic, suffered a ruinous war, and an uneasy peace. The weekly show recently marked its 1,000th episode and is going strong.
“Aankhijhyal is not just a show, it is a mission,” said Laxman Upreti, Executive Director of NEFEJ. “We have brought issues of national importance to the notice of Kathmandu, we took viewers to remote parts of Nepal and showed their daily struggles.”
Along the way, Aankhijhyal also launched the film careers of numerous Nepali film makers, cinematographers and journalists. One of them is noted documentary maker Mohan Mainali. “The foundation of my documentary making was laid here in Aankhijhyal. My techniques and skills are an extension of the reporting I did here,” he said.
Other journalists who cut their teeth at Aankhijhyal are Narayan Shrestha, Kedar Sharma, Dhruba Basnet, Girish Giri, Binod Bhattarai and many others who have covered issues of health, sanitation, environment, wildlife, natural disasters, and people affected by the conflict. Aankhijhyal became a much-emulated model for development communication.
One of the most impactful episodes of Aankhijhyal was on the Balami community in Kakani which practised child marriage, and the coverage helped end the tradition.
Hem Bahadur Bista was the first coordinator of the show in the 1990s and felt it is remarkable that in a country where few ideas last the test of time Aankhijhyal is still churning out cutting-edge video. He said: “There is a tradition in Nepal that few good ideas last. To have carried on for more than 20 years, and even in an expensive medium like video, shows that this is a Nepali success story.”
The Audiovisual Department at the NEFEJ office also offers proof of how video technology has changed in the past two decades. Cabinets and cupboards are stocked with analog VHS cassettes and digital CD-ROMs and DVDs. In the early days, shooting an episode in the field involved a seven-person team carrying heavy tin trunks of casettes, kerosene, generator and lugging hefty cameras. Today, it is a two person job, editing is on a laptop.
Rabindra Pandey is the director of the Audio-Visual Department and says he has seen not just the technology evolve, but also his knowledge of environment and development. “When I joined, I was confident about my camera and editing skills, but not so much about green issues. I have learnt a lot about the environment and development.”
In the editing room of Aankhijhyal in NEFEJ office in Bhanimandal.
There are challenges ahead. NEFEJ is working to digitise its analog cassettes, and there is the chronic funding crunch even though equipment and production is now much cheaper than before. Paying for air-time on Nepal TV adds to the financial burden. But But Aankhijhyal is now turning to social media networks for dissemination and archiving past shows.
Aankhijhyal is aired at 7 pm on Nepal Television Plus and 6.30 pm on Avenues Television every Thursday.
10 years on air
Primetime, Naresh Newar