28 April - 4 May 2017 #856

“New homes have to be safer”

UN Ambassador Walton Alfonso Webson and Marty Logan discuss the UN's recent work in Nepal.

In 2014, Ambassador Walton Alfonso Webson became permanent representative of the Caribbean island nation of Antigua and Barbuda to the United Nations. Earlier this month, as president of the executive board of UNICEF, he led a 28-member delegation of board members of six UN agencies to Nepal.

Travel is a central feature of the diplomat’s life. Prior to arriving in Kathmandu he visited South Africa and Lesotho, and once on the ground in Nepal he and his colleagues split into four groups, in nine days visiting nine districts. The fact-finding mission discussed priorities with women, children and youth, and local authorities.

Recovery and rebuilding from the 2015 earthquakes was a central theme, as Webson pointed out in a video chat with Nepali Times. Excerpts:

Rupa Joshi, UNICEF
GROUND REALITY: Ambassdor Walton Webson (second from right) gets a musical welcome at Bhumiraj Primary School in Sunkuda village, Bajh ang.

Nepali Times: Overall, how would you assess recovery from the earthquake and the UN’s role in it?

Walton Alfonso Webson: I am sure there are still lots of complaints on the ground, because our human nature is we want to see things happening, and once things begin to happen you want to see them happen faster … We certainly heard great need for reconstruction so that people in the areas that were hit hardest can get access to water faster and more reliably.

We certainly know that there is need in terms of housing but we also saw the efforts that were being made to rebuild. There are two forms of reconstruction that one always has to take into consideration in a disaster: one is social reconstruction – people who are looking at rebuilding their lives… That social reconstruction is very important and United Nations programs are focusing a lot on that.

Then of course you have the physical reconstruction: buildings, bridges, homes, etc. There’s a lot of emphasis and efforts being put into the rebuilding of homes.

What role can the UN play in trying to accelerate the rebuilding?

We had very good meetings with representatives of the government: the prime minister, minister of foreign affairs, and with the National Reconstruction Authority. We did speak about the need for hastening and they emphasised, the NRA in particular, the need to rebuild homes … UN teams will continue to work with different groups and development partners because this is a process that is not done solely by any one body.

We believe that there will be a response but, again, this is a government-led initiative and the UN is supporting the government and will continue to urge the government to move things along as quickly as possible. But you also want to ensure that the new buildings, the new homes, are built within code so that if a future earthquake comes – as is predicted – there will be better stability and less loss of lives.

How will rumoured funding cuts from the Trump administration to agencies like UNFPA affect Nepal in particular?

The UN has a really good relationship with the United States government, which is a major partner of the UN. As you said, it’s rumours. There have been discussions about UNFPA, but nothing is yet approved. It should not affect Nepal’s work in any way at this stage … So I wouldn’t be worried. We in the programs, at this moment, are not worried.

Marty Logan

Read also:

WATCH:

Nepali Times Studio with Walton Alfonso Webson

Back at the epicenter, Shankar Dahal

Permanent scars, temporary relief, Rajneesh Bhandari

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