Although the interim constitution has clearly spelled out that the political parties should consider the principle of inclusion while choosing candidates (clause 63, sub-clause 4), this principle has not been implemented in the direct elections.
The candidate lists that have been filed for nomination from 16 different parties clearly show that women, janajatis, Madhesis and Dalits have not been proportionately represented.
The national census six years ago shows that women form 50.1 percent of the total population. But, in most of the political parties, women candidates make only 10 percent of candidates. The Nepal Workers and Peasants Party has the highest percentage of women candidates at 27.5. The Maoists have 17.5 percent, whereas the UML and NC have 10.8 and 10.4 percent respectively.
Although there is a compulsory provision for including a minimum number of women, janajatis, Madhesis and Dalits in the proportional election procedure, there are no such compulsions for direct candidacy.